Pulmonology / Pneumology
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs, resulting in insufficient supply of oxygen to the body.
It is usually caused by smoking and other toxic substances such as pollutants. It causes a blockage in the bronchi (chronic bronchitis) and a worsening state of the lungs (emphysema).
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as COPD, consists of lung damage caused by inhalation of various fumes/gases (chemicals, cigarette, environmental pollution…) leading to breathing difficulties and potentially death.
Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two (2) most common common conditions that contribute to COPD.
The most common symptoms are:
- Cough and increased phlegm production, usually upon getting up in the morning
- Wheezing (noisy breathing)
After carrying out the corresponding diagnostic tests (spirometry, lung volumes, arterial blood gas analysis, stress test), our specialists will give you the specific plan of action for your case.
Usually, the treatments are divided according to the gravity or the evolution of the disease.
Getting in control
Change your habits: quit cigarette smoking, do sports, eat healthy food
A decrease in lung capacity requires the use of inhalers. Bronchodilators, corticosteroids and/or anticholinergics can be prescribed.
If the disease is already in advanced stage, the specialists can prescribe a surgical intervention for the patient.
removal of “air spaces or bubbles (bullae)” in the lungs. These bullae can become very large and can cause breathing problems. This surgery improves lung function and reduces fatigue.
removal of small portions of damaged lung tissue to improve pulmonary function.
Replacing one or both lungs from a suitable donor.
Home Noninvasive Ventilation (Home-NIV)
Unfortunately, COPD is a chronic disease and has no cure. But if you follow the indications given by our specialists, you can improve the quality of your life.
The length of your stay will depend on the gravity of the disease, ranging from a few weeks to three (3) or four (4) months (in the case of a lung transplant).