Spina bifida is a congenital defect involving the brain and spinal cord and is usually detected before the baby is born.
When the canal containing the cord does not close properly, it can cause damage to the nerves and the cord itself.
This intervention is performed on all babies (or fetuses) who are detected with this disease, and is most effective when performed before birth.
This pathology can be associated with other disorders such as hydrocephalus, paralysis, incontinence or growth disorders.
This procedure is normally performed under epidural anesthesia in the mother and injecting into the fetus intramuscularly a combo of muscle relaxants and usually requires between 5 and 6 hours.
A laparotomy is performed on the mother and the surgeon performs the closure of the fetal spinal canal through a uterine window.
The surgery must be performed quickly to limit the exposure of the fetus to the extra-uterine environment.
After your time in the recovery room, you will be taken to the ward, where you will stay for 4 to 7 days to continue your recovery (you will probably spend the first two nights in the ICU).
The result is closure of the spinal canal, reducing the risk of possible complications in both labour and the baby’s development before and after birth and the avoidance of further damage to the nervous system.
If you undergo this type of surgery you will have to stay in Spain until the birth of your baby.